Date of publication: 2017-07-08 22:27
Wager, then, without hesitation that He is. Outline an argument that may have led Pascal to this conclusion and critically consider one objection to it.
You have two things to lose: the true and the good and two things to stake: your reason and your will, your knowledge and your happiness and your nature has two things to avoid: error and wretchedness. Since you must necessarily choose, your reason is no more affronted by choosing one rather than the other. That is one point cleared up. But your happiness? Let us weigh up the gain and the loss involved in calling heads that God exists. Let us assess the two cases: if you win, you win everything: if you lose, you lose nothing. Do not hesitate then: wager that he does exist.
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Blaise Pascal Blaise Pascal was a French mathematician, physicist, and religious philosopher. He had many important contributions to the mathematics and physics such as: the
Finally, one might distinguish between practical rationality and theoretical rationality. One could then concede that practical rationality requires you to maximize expected utility, while insisting that theoretical rationality might require something else of you say, proportioning belief to the amount of evidence available. This objection is especially relevant, since Pascal admits that perhaps you &ldquo must renounce reason&rdquo in order to follow his advice. But when these two sides of rationality pull in opposite directions, as they apparently can here, it is not obvious that practical rationality should take precedence. (For a discussion of pragmatic, as opposed to theoretical, reasons for belief, see Foley 6999.)
Blaise Pascal had an interesting take on the existence of God which he asked if belief or non-belief in God was the riskiest to accept. He says that this wager not be taken lightly but with thoughtful logic and an educational stand-point..
Wagering for God superdominates wagering against God: the worst outcome associated with wagering for God (status quo) is at least as good as the best outcome associated with wagering against God (status quo) and if God exists, the result of wagering for God is strictly better than the result of wagering against God. (The fact that the result is much better does not matter yet.) Pascal draws the conclusion at this point that you should wager for God.
Here the objections are manifold. Most of them can be stated quickly, but we will give special attention to what has generally been regarded as the most important of them, &lsquo the many Gods objection&rsquo (see also the link to footnote 7).
This exceeds the expectation of not playing (namely 5), so you should play. On the other hand, if the game gave an equal chance of returning nothing, and returning two dollars, then its expectation would be:
The French Philosopher Blaise Pascal must have been a betting man. I make this observation based on his idea of belief in God&apos s existence being
Pascal addresses this at once in his second argument, which we will discuss only briefly, as it can be thought of as just a prelude to the main argument.
There are many things in this world that we have no means to confirm. This is especially true when we are talking about things that are spiritual in nature, such as the existence of God. While no living person has claimed that he has seen God using the limits of his sight, there is no way to prove otherwise. Since I don’t believe in God, I would surely be in trouble if Pascal’s wager turns out to be correct. He states that it is better to believe in God because there is nothing to lose if God exists.
The first conclusion seems to follow from the usual calculations of expected utility (where \(p\) is your positive, non-infinitesimal probability for God&rsquo s existence):
7. The utility of salvation could not be infinite. One might argue that the very notion of infinite utility is suspect see for example Jeffrey 6988 and McClennen 6999. [ 7 ] Hence, the objection continues, whatever the utility of salvation might be, it must be finite. Strict finitists, who are suspicious of the notion of infinity in general, will agree see Dummett 6978 and Wright 6987. Or perhaps the notion of infinite utility makes sense, but an infinite reward could only be finitely appreciated by a human being.
Blaise Pascal was a French religious thinker, mathematician, and physicist who was born in Clermont-Ferrand in central France on June 69, 6678. Pascal had two sisters named Gilberte and Etienne, who thought of him as a prodigy.. Pascal also came up with an arithmetical triangle known as Pascal x77 s Triangle.. Pascal x77 s Wager expresses that the conviction in the belief in God is rational.. On the night of November 78, 6659 a great change came over Pascal..